English, B. (2009). Recession spurs egg and sperm donations: Giving provides extra income. Boston Globe. Retrieved from http://search. proquest. com. ezproxy. library. unlv. edu/doc view/ 405164201? pq-origsite=summon This popular article by Bella English, a writer for the newspaper The Boston Globe, discusses the reimbursement which sperm donors receive. This article is aimed for the public who may be interested in participating in such an ordeal and getting paid for it and also for the general public to be informed about a common occurrence within cities.
Although there is no main onclusion because this is a newspaper article instead of a research paper, it can be analyzed that most people donate for the money reward. This provides information which proves that donating sperm can be unethical because some people can be swindled into donating sperm for the benefit in payment. The information of this article can be seen to be incorporated in the “background” section. Frith, L. , Sawyer, N. , & Kramer, W. (2012). Forming a family with sperm donation: A survey of 244 non- biological parents. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 24(7), 709-718. oi:10. 1016/j. rbmo. 2012. 01. 013 In this peer-reviewed article, Lucy Frith from the Institute of Psychology, Health and Society in the University of Liverpool, Neroly Sawyer from the Institute of Psychology in the University of Ballarat, and Wendy Kramer from the Donor Sibling Registry come together to address the multitude of considerations that parents must make in the sperm donation process. This article was intended to inform the general public about the many different choices an individual must think about before actually going through with the process.
This article had no main conclusion due to the fact that it was a survey, so some nformation was skewed or missing, and also the survey questions were discussed thoroughly instead of being addressed in a conclusion. The results showed that more than half of both the no-biological father and mother both feel there was an equal amount of input into the choosing the donor. The results also showed that the most important quality that the both non-biological parents looks for in a donor is their health.
This article proves that it is ethical to donate sperm because people must go through a rigorous processes of decision making; considering this, a person is mentally capable of dealing ith such a procedure after enduring the whole routine. This article provided useful information in forms of graphs which can be seen in the “results” section, and can also be presented in the background section for the general decision making topics. Jones, E. (2003). Annual Women’s Health Issue: Infertility. Ebony, 58(12), 104. Dr. Jones a professor at Yale University, addresses the issue of infertility and helping infertile couples create a family of their own.
This peer-reviewed article expresses how many women have been helped with this issue and go through the process to get pregnant. By the time women reach 44, the chances of getting pregnant are quite low. The process of this is through vitro fertilization, with the help of sperm bank these infertile couples are helped. The peer-reviewed article talks about how many times the fertilization treatments don’t work and the couples have no other option but to get pregnant by sperm donation.
It gives these people hope in being able to creating a family or at least the chance to since it is not guaranteed. This provides support on the topic of anonymous donation of sperm and its advantages. It’s ethical because it is in support of the elp given to infertile couples through sperm donation. This will be applied in the introduction section as well as discussion and conclusion paragraphs. It is in support, which helps the paper not be biased in any way and giving the equilibrium of sources in opposition and support. Pi, V. L. (2009). Regulating sperm donation: Why requiring exposed donation is not the answer.
Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy, 16(2), 379. In this peer review article done by Duke Journal from the Gender licy Corporation, there is a lack of the accountability on the part of sperm banks. The system has many flaws including incomplete medical histories on the donor-conceived child aside from uncertainty on privacy of Law and ion over donor. Due to these flaws, countries have established laws making exposing the donor. Part two of the article talks about the preventing diseased sperm from being circulated. Many times the children are born with disorders because the history of the donor is not looked at thoroughly.
Having no connection with the children after is also a problem. There is no monitoring on how many lives per donor which is also a problem. Many ssues are addressed in this article with the anonymous donation of sperm. The greatest concern in this situation is the various ways in which the children could become affected as they grow up without both biological parent figures or having any connection to the father at all. It is unethical to go through this process as the offspring are the ones affected psychologically when they grow up feeling alone.
This will be discussed in the poster under the discussion and conclusion sections. The information will be talked about mainly in the discussion where the interpretations will be added. It will wrap up as well at the end along with some information from previous sources. Pralat, R. (2015). Repro-sexual intersections: Sperm donation, HIV prevention and the public interest in semen. Reproductive Biomedicine Online, 30(3), 211-219. doi: 10. 1016/j. rbmo. 2015. 11. 007 Robert Pralat from the department of Sociology in the University of Cambridge, discusses the relationship of HIV and donated sperm in his peer reviewed article.
This article was written to provide people who may have misconceptions of the risks of using donated sperm, he provides onvincing research on how there is no correlation with HIV infected sperm and an offspring inheriting it. It was concluded that although there is no connection with HIV being inherited from a parent, most sperm banks do not accept donors who test positive for the disease, this is for the peace of mind of the parent; he went on to infer that if sperm banks end up lacking an ample amount of sperm that they might start accepting HIV infected spermatozoa.
This was an article that provides support for the issue being ethical because it proves to be a process with xtreme regulations for disease protection and the consideration of the state of mind of the non-biological parents. The information in this article can be seen to be mentioned in the background section and then thoroughly described in the results section; the outcomes of the strict supervision which the sperm banks carry out will be presented. Weissenberg, R. , & Landau, R. (2012). Are two a family? Older single mothers assisted by sperm donation and their children revisited.
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 82(4), 523-528. oi: 10. 1111/j. 1939-0025. 2012. 01187. The peer reviewed journal done by Landau and Weissenberg states how single older women are looking more towards getting pregnant. The health of the children and mother was good, however the absence of the father did have a negative impact in the child. The fact that there is only one parent causes problems in the relationship with the mother and son as not much time is given to him because the absence of the other parent is taking place. The age of the mother is also a problem because by the time the child is in his infancy stage the mother is in the late 40s.
The article is in pposition of the sperm donation process as it brings up many problems having to do with the elderly age of these women wanting to get pregnant. It is found unethical to take part in as it would cause many problems to the women themselves and the children born. This is going to help us show a negative side of anonymous sperm donation, not everyone is in support of this cause. This information will most likely go under discussion in our poster when we incorporate other research done, here is where we can show how different interpretations were made by different situations and people.