Holism: Holism is very interesting concept which is very old concept, and System dynamic is always referred to a holistic approach. To understand the dynamic behavior of a system thinking holism is implemented. Holism provides a method to check and understand the object as a whole, and we can follow holistic approach to understand the behavior of system dynamic and existing methods of problem solving.
I found holistic approach support from number of sources across many disciplines, some of them are as follows few of them are from the cultural domain (Hofstede et al, 1993) which describes holistic approach for using metaphor of a number of blind men studies (Robertps et al, 2002). If we use holistic approach for any case studies they are called case oriented. To find a route for themselves on from process beginning to conclusion on the complex information such as processes, patterns, configuration, procedure.
The nature of holism in general is different from holistic relationship. Benefits of thinking/understanding in holistic terms are completely initiated and total different for most systems (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2006). Holism helps in understanding the physical and verbal behavior and stand point of holistic observation use non stimuli verbal instead of verbal stimuli. The best way is to run through the material for each individual question in certain scenarios. Holism or Holistic approach helps to understand the objects in terms of pictures.
It also helps in parallel viewing the objects in reality (Verscherun, 2001). The research strategy adopted with holistic approach uses the qualitative comparison instead of qualification. It supports in casual interference and promotes theory building. The better approach for holistic strategy is available in an iterative parallel strategy which is very useful and helps in research. The role of Holism in system dynamics: System dynamics is a type of tool which will describe the behavior of system overtime on its own.
They took simple bath tub and in our paper presentation there is MSISIT program example to explain it but I want to implement it with my idea so Twould like to implement waterfalls. Here the water falls from mountain falls down to the lake. FLOW OF WATER/incoming flow out going T Reductionism: Reductionism is the traditional means of approaching problem solving, in large scales. There is a overview that provides an overview of some of the underpinnings of reductionism (Jackson, 2005).
Reductionism is defined as fragmentation of objects or events from complex issues to small divisions in order to solve it individually (Ostreng). Reductionism also goes under many names including ‘stepwise refinement’, ‘disaggregation’ and simply ‘breaking the problem down’. Mostly reductionism refers to understanding rather than problem solving. Reductionism as a principle has a major thing of works. It has been used in practice for many thousands of years. In this method problems are broken down into constituent parts and are possibly reconstituted into single whole solution or provide a single systemic understanding.
Reductionism is the paradigm for understanding that has been applied by the human to many differing scenarios with great success. This idea of breaking down problems into their constituent parts comes naturally to people and goes some way towards relieving the burden of bounded rationality (Simon, 1957). There are some complex problems issues and concepts that can only be properly understood by first subdividing them into their constituent parts. With this reductiosm approach there is the impact assumption that there is a attempt to understand the context of the problem and the system.
In order to reduce the stress of complex issues, each section of the problem appearedin a project is handled predominantly. For some instance, this strategy fails when these individual areas are linked together the problem at each different level are solved using a different methodologies which does not fulfill as a solution when a whole scenario of issue is concerned. The analysis of an issue could be a higher task in reduction process. The risk becomes more when we are pre structuring the reduced parts of the issue together.
The predictors are to be considered in an order. The interconnection of each task is dependent on one another which leads to a difficulty because it may fail to do it so may be difficult to achieve output. In reductionism, the classical Newtonian assumption that the dynamics of any complex system can be understood from studying the properties. Complex systems are broken down into parts and each part is individually studied by disciplinary and sub disciplinary. The challenge is to find the entry points from where to address the particulars of the system.
Once one knows the parts, the dynamics of the whole can be derived and considered. Generally scientist have been successful in applying this method that instead of reverting back to see how their discoveries fit in with totality, to dig deeper and continued their research continuously narrowing the focus on it. Holism vs. Reductionism: Holism is an alternate approach for system thinking, it is not only identify the parts but also helps in understanding the evolution of new things from the things. So that holism is referred as better approach compared to reductionism for system thinking.
Both are used and implemented to identify the working conditions and helps in understanding the nature of the system and helps n improving the systems thinking. System thinking is used in sociology, physiology, biology and etc. it depends on thinking of a person for every field of study and process technology and analysis (Jackson, 2003) Holism vs. Reductionism: comparing the fundamentals of conventional and alternative medical modalities. Western medicines focus on reductionism leads to dissatisfaction in biomedical ideas, which leads to move towards holistic modalities.
Holism will not drive out reductionism but it simply complements it. (Hayley A. Lawrence, 2008). In the philosophy of ecology, the holism and reductionism plays a main role in integral part. Holism in common includes the principle that the whole priority over its parts the property can’t be explained by its parts and reservations about any form of simplification in doctrine of emergency. On the other side of reductionism the common thread among different positions consists of their emphasizing that complex phenomena should be explained by statements about phenomena of a simpler nature and science essential means reduction. Annette Voigt, 2012).
Conclusion: This paper give us basic idea of holism and reductionism we can understand clearly how the reductionism differentiates each and individual component and holism also plays an important role in order to understand the system as whole. With this research paper we also know that system thinking is used in almost all aspects of life. The conclusion we come across is in order to understand any kind of system we have to know its workable, working criteria the components involved and interconnecting of networks. Holism is the best procedure for system thinking applications.